Chiapas women dating
This Olmec horizon (i.e., a cultural diffusion that is contemporaneous at widely scattered sites) represents the first climax, or era of “unification,” in the history of Mesoamerican civilization. Among these are the well-known Maya, Zapotec, Totonac, and Teotihuacán civilizations.While sharing a common Olmec heritage, they also displayed many differences.From these and other archaeological indications it has been inferred that a class-structured and politically centralized society developed.There appeared subsequently other large capital towns and cities in neighbouring regions that also displayed a similar Olmec art style.Thus, in Mesoamerica there was, from early on, a profound interest in hieroglyphic writing and calendar making.Religious ideology, judged from art and iconography, was more highly developed in Mesoamerica than in the Andean region.
Teotihuacán, in the Valley of Mexico, was an urban centre of some 150,000 people, and the influence of its civilization eventually radiated over much of Mesoamerica.
Among these competitors were the Toltecs of Tula, in central Mexico, who held sway from perhaps 900 to 1200 (the Early Postclassic Period).
After their decline (in the Late Postclassic Period), another interregnum of warring states lasted until 1428, when the Aztec defeated the rival city of Azcapotzalco and emerged as the dominant force in central Mexico.
As such, Teotihuacán constituted a second grand civilizational climax or “unification” (400–600 ).
Teotihuacán power waned after about 600, and a “time of troubles” ensued, during which a number of states and nascent empires competed for supremacy.
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This last native Mesoamerican empire was conquered by Hernán Cortés (or Cortéz) and the Spaniards in 1521.